If you are preparing any kind of meals from a recipe, it’s important that you understand the various methods of cooking. There are a number of terms for different ways of cooking, as follow.

Grilled

If a recipe calls for something to be grilled, it generally means it should be cooked over an open flame or heat. Grilling can be done by charcoal or gas – on a barbeque for example – or it can be done using a grill of some sort on the burners of your stove.

Broiled

Broiling indicates cooking by exposing directly to a heat source such as a flame or element. Most ovens have a “broil” setting, which heats an element at the top of the stove rather than the one at the bottom, which is used for baking.

When broiling items in the oven, they should normally be placed on the top rack to give them the proper heat exposure.

Frying vs Deep Frying

Both frying and deep-frying cook foods with a similar process, but the method is a little different in each case. Frying can be done over any heat source, such as a stove element or an open flame. Oil or butter is heated and the food is cooked by its heat.

Deep frying, on the other hand, also involves oil but in this case the food is completely submerged in the oil. Deep frying is used for foods such as french fries, breaded chicken and doughnuts. It can be dangerious, however, because you’re dealing with boiling oil so proper equipment and safety precautions must be used.

Sauteing

Sauteing involved cooking food quickly in a small amount of fat. It is similar in process to frying, but because of the smaller amount of fat and faster cooking times, it brings out stronger flavors than frying will.

Knowing what is involved with the various terms will make it easier to plan when following a recipe. You’ll know what equipment and ingredients you’ll need that are unique to each method.

Cooking is one word that everyone knows. The real meaning of cooking is applying heat to food. Cooking art or culinary art is a very diverse subject and it focuses about the different ways to cook or to make food eatable and this is because applying heat to food just doesn’t make it hot but changes its taste and other aspects which make it more pleasurable to eat.

Cooking can affect the color of the food too. Culinary arts help us master the change occurring in food. Important nutrients like vitamins and various minerals can be destroyed while cooking or literally cooked away and so it is important to master the art of cooking or culinary art to prepare a tasty balanced meal.

Using the correct cooking method and system for the type of food that is being made is a major part in mastering the culinary arts. Various foods like tough cuts of meat which is like brisket or shank will need to be cooked very slowly, at low controlled heats, for a long time, with plenty of skill. Adequate moisture should also be present. If these meat cuts are prepared properly, they can be wonderfully delicious and incredibly tender. Similarly different food needs different styles of cooking and mastering the correct method makes food tasty and that could be a major part of cooking art.

Dry heat cooking is a cooking method which refers to any cooking technique in which the heat is transferred to the food to be cooked without using any moisture. This type of cooking usually high heat and the temperatures range from 300F and above. Moist heat cooking includes any techniques of cooking that involve cooking with moisture or transferring heat to the food in the presence of moisture. Cooking temperatures range from 140F – 212F, because moisture doesn’t get any hotter than that temperature.

Want to know some interesting facts about culinary arts? Well, as most people know, the culinary arts revolve around culinary arts and food, and they include everything from restaurant management and hospitality management to food science and food safety. Someone who works in any of these areas is called a “culinarian,” and that includes everyone from food service workers to creators of the fantastic pastry arts. (more…)

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ASPARAGUS relatively new in Indonesia. No doubt, the European vegetable processing must be known, including the cleaning.

“Clean the asparagus is different from other types of vegetables, where the asparagus must be given ice chips,” said Wawan Setiawan Barito, Chef de Cuisine Plaza Hotel Jakarta, the Okezone in Jakarta, recently.

Use ice cubes made after asparagus washed under running water. This function gives coolness in asparagus that maturation process stops. This process is judged very reasonable because the asparagus come from mainland Europe subtropical climates.

“If there were ice cubes, then after cleaning asparagus will easily wilt, its texture when cooked too much changed,” he added.

Process indwelling asparagus in ice cube does not have to be long. Most importantly, the extent of making asparagus so comfortable.

When it cleared, then the asparagus to go through the boiling process before it will be processed into meal, well made soup and pan-fried. In perebusannya, give lemon.

“If given the other food items during boiling, the flavor will be lost and the fitting removed it will change, because asparagus has properties to absorb odors. Happens to be enough just to pull lemon asparagus bitter levels. Enough lemon juice to give a third to half the size of the asparagus pounds, “he concluded.

Situated in the streets of New York, the French Culinary Institute recognizes that the potential of culinary talent may be abundant but may be scarce in education funds. With this realization, French Culinary Institute Scholarships are now offered to incoming learners who have passed qualifications on academic merit and financial necessity.

Some of the pride of the French Culinary Institute are master chefs like Jacques Pepin, who happens to be one of its distinguished faculty, and Food Network stars like Bobby Flay, who was once a student in the institute and now is a visiting lecturer. The institute has offered six-month syllabus of day courses and a program with nine months duration for night classes. In supplement to this, the French Culinary Institute has been recognized for their offer to have a series of classes focused on the amateur chef. Unprofessional and full-pledged students both have hands-on training at Lcole, the fine dining restaurant of the institute. Without consideration of a students course, each is eligible to submit an application for French Culinary Institute Scholarships. Some qualifications that needs to be met are US citizenship and permanent residency, which of course ranges from a few thousand to more than ten thousand applicants. These grants also include awards for four Restaurant Management Scholarships in the same number of thousands each focused toward those who want to pursue restaurant management careers.

The FCI Military Scholarship, which awards twenty hopefuls with $5,000+ in the previous years, has been intended for students with culinary and pastry arts interests. Eligibility of French Culinary Institute Scholarships in this category is very specific to those who have worked for any branch of the military for at least 30 days. The Societe Philanthropic/ The Friends of the FCI scholarship is one of the very famous grants given by the French Culinary Institute and has, at one time, given a $6,000+ award to a student who wants to enroll in either the Pastry Evening Program or the Culinary Evening Program. The Friends of the FCI Fall Award is the highest grant of the French Culinary Institute. It had given one individual pursuing studies in either Classic Culinary Arts or Classic Pastry Arts and who would be starting the course in either October or November.

If you want to taste coffee in a whole new way, try making it with a French Press coffee pot. Most people are used to their coffee being brewed in an electric, drip coffee maker a la Mr. Coffee. This method has one flaw in the brewing process that takes away from the true essence of coffee: the paper filter. The paper retains some of the coffee essence, and deprives you of coffee’s true potential. Granted, we cannot simply dump ground coffee into a cup, pour in hot water and start drinking; the grounds must be separated from the liquid that is consumed. Coffee grounds are bitter, gritty, and stick to your teeth. The French Press method removes the grounds, but lets all of the flavor of the coffee come to life.

Although French Presses come in various shapes, sizes, materials and manufacturers, the Chambord model by Bodum is a good example of a ubiquitous style found throughout the industry . The handle attaches to the holder for the glass carafe. The carafe holds the coffee and hot water. The carafe looks like a beaker from a chemistry lab, with a spout for easy pouring. The “pressing” apparatus of the French Press sits atop the beaker. It consists of a dome which covers the coffee as it brews. The plunger is a skinny metal post with a plastic ball at the top that slides through a small hole in the middle of the dome. At the bottom of the post is the filter, a wire mesh disk.

A quick note about ingredients. A cup of coffee is made of coffee beans and water. Therefore, start with freshly roasted whole beans ground just before brewing. Whole beans maintain their freshness twice as long as ground coffee. The water is just as critical: make sure it is cold, fresh, and filtered.

Let’s assume a 12 oz. cup is being prepared. Using 1-1 ½ tablespoons of whole beans, set your grinder to coarse. This produces the largest grounds possible, and allows water to extract the maximum flavor from the coffee. It also reduces the amount of smaller grounds that will end up in the bottom of the cup.

Dump the ground coffee into the carafe. Before adding hot water, take a moment to inhale the aroma of the dry coffee. The aroma of freshly ground coffee will take you to a better place.

Next, heat your water (12 ounces). The optimal brewing temperature is 195-205 F. If you don’t have a thermometer, simply bring your water to a boil and wait thirty seconds.

Pour the water into the beaker and stir for a couple of seconds. This will agitate the mixture and allow the coffee to brew more completely. Place the plunger apparatus on the carafe, but do not depress. Set a timer for four minutes. This amount of time allows all of the flavor and oils to be extracted perfectly from the coffee.

At four minutes press down the plunger completely, then pour the freshly brewed coffee into your mug.
Look at the coffee before adding any condiments. The coffee will appear more complex (richer) than if it were brewed in a drip coffee maker. There will even be a thin layer of crema (light brown froth) resting on top of the liquid. Put your nose close to the cup and breathe in the aroma. The smell is stronger, more pure than if the coffee passed through a paper filter. Taste the coffee before adding sugar etc. When you reach the end of the cup you will notice some residue. These are simply micro-grounds that made it through the mesh filter.

You can purchase French Presses that double as travel mugs. There are also double-walled glass, and stainless steel thermal units as well. Some are beautifully crafted and look like museum pieces. The reason for this is that coffee made in this manner is the height of the coffee brewing experience. So, if you love coffee, you owe it to yourself to purchase a French Press and make the best-tasting coffee in the easiest possible way. Prices start at around 13 dollars for a two cup (12 oz.) unit.

It’s never easy to avoid being a victim of food. Chocolates, ice cream, cake, etc., how can one resist? It’s really hard to avoid digging in to a plate of delicious goodness. But, if you want to stay healthy and fit, do you have to neglect eating?

The answer is no! There’s no need to watch out keenly over your diet. You can lose those extra ounces of fat in your body without having to starve to death. The secret to a healthy and fit life is fitness personal training. (more…)

The word “coffee” brings specific thoughts and images to mind. Smooth, rich, fragrant, dark, soothing and eye opening are just some of the words that probably come to mind. On television we see rich, thick cups of coffee that simply look amazing. It is very possible to brew that same cup of coffee from home with the help of master roasters from Italy.

People often try everything to change the taste and texture of their coffee. They resort to buying expensive flavored creamers to improve the overall coffee experience. More often than not, all that does is mask the flavor of the coffee. True coffee lovers don’t wish to mask the coffee flavor, they prefer to enhance it.

In effort to achieve a better coffee at home, people resort to cleaning their coffee pot, or even buying a new one. They are often led to believe that using bottled water will enhance the flavor of their coffee. Soon they realize it isn’t the coffee pot, the problem is the type of coffee. When all else fails, change the type of coffee you purchase. If you’re in the market for a heavy, thick coffee with a full bodied taste, go for a Sicilian gourmet coffee.

Coffee beans grown in South America and Indonesia are kept at a certain height and cultivated while the fruit is at its prime. These coffee beans have a heaviness and aroma that assaults the senses and creates an entirely new love of coffee. The flavor lingers in your mouth, never turning bitter. Your morning cup becomes a savory, satisfying way to start the day.

Entertain Your Guests with Sicilian Gourmet Coffee

If you love entertaining guests who love great coffee, switch your usual grocery store coffee with a rich, bold Sicilian blend. The coffee itself will become an instant conversation starter. You may choose to share your new-found coffee secrets with your guests, or keep them to yourself. Sicilian gourmet coffee brings with it a warm feeling of friendship that your friends and guests will talk about for months to come.

Some people may believe they’re coffee lovers, but they’ve never tried anything other than grocery store brands. Every coffee drinker has slightly different tastes. The wide variety of gourmet coffee blends is sure to offer something for everyone. While planning your next get-together with friends, choose your coffee carefully.

Coffee Beans Make All the Difference

Coffees sold in your local grocery store are created in mass quantities to sell. While they try to maintain some sense of quality, quantity often reigns supreme. Coffee plants aren’t always properly nourished and cared for the way they should be to create really amazing coffee grounds.

Gourmet coffee plants are nourished and cared for. They are grown at specific altitudes that ensure the overall quality of the coffee beans. They are generally grown to a specific height and the beans are cultivated at a precise time to create the perfect balance between aroma, taste and body.

Not All Gourmet Coffees Are Created Equal

The overall quality of the variety of gourmet coffee types depends on the coffee bean used. Two types of bean are Arabica and Robusta. These two coffee beans are grown in different areas of the world at completely different altitudes. The Arabica bean is grown in the mountains of South America while the Robusta bean is grown and cultivated in Asia at about sea level.

The amount of each coffee bean used to create a cup of coffee can greatly impact the taste. The Arabica bean creates a smooth, delicate flavor. Adding Robusta beans to Arabica beans adds a true, classic Sicilian flare. The combination of 70 percent Arabica beans and 30 percent Robusta beans create one of the greatest golden blends of gourmet coffee Sicily has to offer.

The subject of physical fitness comes up daily everywhere you look There are dozens of movies featuring a stalwart young man or woman working out to the maximum to gain entry into the 5K Triathlon, or the Olympic downhill slalom ski race. These special young people want something more from the fitness principle than just the action or the doing of it. They want a good-looking body with no lumps or bumps around the midsection or flab in the hips. (more…)