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Careers in the culinary arts go beyond basic cooking. There are a variety of specialized chefs that focus on anything from sauces to deserts. In bigger establishments there are chefs whose duties almost exclusively involve the management of other chefs and there can even be chefs who manage them. Here are some of the culinary world careers.
Executive chefs are going to be those chefs at the highest levels and are considered executives. Their main functions are to manage the chefs and preparation workers at a restaurant. They can also advance to be responsible for multiple restaurants in a chain. They are required to plan the menu, estimate food needs and cost plus supervise the staff of chef and other kitchen help. They are also responsible for the hiring and training of new chefs. They still may have some regular cooking duties or may just prepare certain meals and at special functions.
Sous-chefs are also managers but are below executive chefs. They are responsible for the direct supervision of the staff. They also play a hands on role in the training of new techniques, equipment and recipes. They also may be involved in menu planning, food and supply ordering. They are usually still required to prepare the main dishes as well as help in special events.
A saucier is exactly as is sounds, a chef whose main purpose is to prepare sauces and also dished cooked in sauces or gravy. Sauces are a foundational part of cooking so a saucier needs to be very knowledgeable. They need to know everything that has anything to do with the possible permutations and mixtures that go in to creating a fine sauce.
A garde manager, also known as a chef garde manager, is also used to describe a chef that is in charge of all colds foods. Garde is a French term for a pantry where cold dished are stored and prepared, prepared foods such as desserts, salads, sandwiches, dressings, cold sauces and appetizers. They are usually very skilled at using left overs in a creative way to invent new dishes.
A pastry chef may have the most delicious job of all. They have to make a variety of confections and baked items. This may include pastries but also cookies, cakes, chocolates, beignets and petitfours but they can routinely make any desert imaginable. Not only are the very knowledgeable of the flavors and tastes involved in deserts, they can also fill supervisory roles in establishment large enough to a pastry staff.
Upscale establishments the career an extensive wine list will employ sommeliers. Sommeliers are experts in wine and they routinely suggest wine for customers that are complimentary to their meals. While some may think that a job that requires you to consume and judge a ton of wine sound like a dream, it can be difficult work the needs a lot of practice and an abundance of knowledge. There are classes that can be taken that will focus on wine. They will teach you the chemistry that goes into making wine as well as how to properly taste wine. You will also learn how to judge wine based on its aroma, flavor, color and body.
When considering the best coffees in the world, I went to the Specialty Coffee Association of America (SCAA) for research. They are the organization that sets the quality standards for specialty coffee, which the public calls “gourmet” coffee. All specialty coffees use arabica beans. The other category of is the robusta bean, which is of inferior taste quality to arabica. Within these categories, there are several varieties of bean. Arabica beans are grown at a higher altitude than robusta.
Coffee is the second most traded commodity in the world and is graded in a similar manner as wine. This event is called a “cupping” and has a set of strict standards. Winning a cupping is very prestigious and has a direct effect on the prices a coffee grower can get for his crop.
History of these “cupping” winners has shown that three areas of the world produce the most winners. Interestingly, these regions have a very similar latitude when looking at the world map. The three regions are Ethiopia, Sumatra and Panama.
Ethiopian/Kenyan Coffee (Africa)
Ethiopian coffee is aromatic, highly flavorful, and also known to be some of the best coffees in the world. It is also the origin of all coffee. The Ethiopian people have a legend that says that a goat herder discovered Ethiopian coffee around 850 AD. This legend claims that the goat herder noticed that his sheep were very excited and nearly dancing after eating red berries from a tree. The legend of the founder goes on to say that the herder sampled the red berries for himself and took some of the berries home to his wife who insisted that he take them to the monks. The monks supposedly threw the berries into a fire and noticed the delicious smell that the berries produced. The monks are said to have removed the berries from the fire and boiled the berries in water to create the beverage that we now know as Ethiopian coffee.
Whether this legend is true, or in fact just a legend is forever a mystery. Regardless, Ethiopian coffee has been used for religious ceremonies. These ceremonies are still held today and if a guest is invited to participate in the ceremony, it is well known to be a very beautiful experience.
Locally, Ethiopian coffee is served with either sugar, or in some parts of Ethiopia, salt. Milk or any type of creamer is never used in traditionally brewing. The process of making the coffee varies by region. In some regions it is dry processed and in some other regions it is washed. The Ethiopian coffee found in stores today is dry processed.
The process is often grueling and coupled with with importing adds to the reason of why Ethiopian coffee can be expensive.
When consumers purchase Ethiopian coffee to be brewed at home, it is wise to consider fair trade Ethiopian coffee. The obvious reason to consider fair trade is so that the producers of this wonderful product can reap the benefits of their hard work. Ethiopian coffee has a rich, bold, and exciting history and a taste that has been favored by many people for a long time.
Sumatran Coffee (Indonesia)
Sumatran coffee comes from the island in Indonesia called Sumatra. The taste of Sumatran coffee is spicy, herbal, and very distinct. It is considered to be one of the best coffees in the world and was first introduced by the Dutch around 1699 when the Dutch wanted to keep up with the demand of coffee to Europe. The Dutch traders knew the difference between Sumatran coffee beans and other coffee beans by the appearance, which are irregularly shaped and bright green.
Sumatran coffee is one of the best coffees in the world and has a low acidity which makes it highly favored among other types of coffee. The beans are usually grown in full sunlight and with no chemicals. A highly popular type of Sumatran coffee, yet thoroughly disgusting in many peoples opinion, is the kopi luwak Sumatran coffee. The kopi luwak coffee is coffee beans that have been eaten by the small animal known as a luwak. After the luwak digests and excretes the coffee beans, local villagers collect the excreted beans and roast them. These excreted and roasted beans are said to cost about $300 a pound. Of course, not all of Sumatran coffee comes from the excrement of the luwak. There are many other varieties of Sumatran coffee as well.
Most of the Sumatran coffee beans are processed using the wet and dry processing method. This processing method is another reason why Sumatran coffee is so popular. Most other types of coffee beans are processed by using either a wet method or a dry method, hardly ever both.
When purchasing Sumatran coffee for use at home, a person should try to purchase fair trade Sumatran coffee. Fair trade beans can be found at various online retailers and also at gourmet coffee retailers. This insures that the growers benefit from all of the hard work that they put into growing this delicious coffee.
Salary levels for all kinds of professions and at all levels vary depending on a number of factors and culinary arts salary levels are no different. Within the same profession, naturally, salaries differ depending on many factors.
However, depending on where you are as a culinary art practitioner, your salary will depend on the position or grade you are in; the organization you are working for; the place where the organization (for example, fat food chain, restaurant or a hotel) is located; your skills. These are the top of the head factors that determine your salary level.
What is also very important is the relative salary level that a practitioner of culinary arts gets, compared to other professions. For example, would an executive chef at a hotel get the same salary as that of a business development executive of a multinational corporation of the same level?
Information is available on the salaries of people in culinary arts in the United States. Wages of chefs and cooks are the highest in the big restaurants and hotels in the metropolitan cities. These chefs usually are employed to supervise a group of cooks.
A chef working outside a metropolitan area could earn a minimum of $8 an hour and a maximum of $14 an hour. At the same time, a chef working in a metropolitan area could earn a minimum of $10 an hour and a maximum of $22 an hour. A chef in a big restaurant can earn up to $100, 000 per year.
According to a survey conducted by the U.S. department of Labor and Statistics in the year 2002, Head Cooks and Chefs could earn an hourly salary from a minimum of $7.66 to a maximum of $25.86, while restaurant cooks can earn from $6.58 to a maximum of $13.21, institution and cafeteria workers can earn from $6.10 to a maximum of $13.34 and fast-food cooks can earn from $5.68 to a maximum of $9.13.
According to a recent survey in 2008, pastry chefs in the executive level can earn $45,392 to $68,009; Sous chefs can earn $31,831-49,509; senior cooks can earn $25,774-32,852 and so on.
No doubt then that salary levels in the culinary arts levels are not inferior, compared to other professions. In fact, culinary arts salary levels can even be higher than some professions.
The salary surveys underline the fact that salary levels at the culinary arts level will depend greatly on factors like skill level and experience, type of organization, whether the place is within or outside the metropolitan area; the grade or the designation within the organization, to name a few. The key seems that to earn a big salary, work in a big restaurant in a big city.
Finding an antique coffee grinder is the best thing you can do to create a special coffee or espresso. The taste and flavor of coffee initially dissipates after the coffee beans were grinded. So it is much enticing tasting a coffee or an espresso if you were the one who grinded the coffee beans.
A coffee grinder plays a big role because the machine is essential on how the coffee beans would look like after they were ground. Espresso grinders tend to be very sensitive about the type of grind it can work best on. On the other hand, a drift coffee machine is a little more forgiving because of the quality of grinds they give.
There are many options to choose from when buying coffee grinders. You may just want to keep your antique coffee grinder and place it on your collectible items and keep save it for special coffee grinding sessions. Here are some other antique selections of grinders that are recommended for your coffee making sessions.
1. The Antique Burr Grinder can crush beans to a more uniform size. You can find Burr grinders that are conical and flat in shape. The grind setting on this type of grinder can create the similar and almost perfect grind on the beans. With their convincing accuracy, these grinders are recommended for use with any type of coffee brewing sessions.
Nonetheless, you should pay attention on the grinder setting when grinding large amount of coffee beans. Some grinders may not perform well as an antique burr grinder especially when making Turkish coffee or French press coffee.
2. The Antique Blade Grinders use only a single blade that can rotate at very high speed to grind beans. The perfection of the chops is mainly controlled for how long the blade will spin at fast mode. It is better to let longer run for the blades to create a perfect grind. The Blade grinders are appropriately matched in making drift coffee. It can actually compensate the type of grinds of drift coffee filters of the Antique Blade Grinders.
3. There are also those Bodum products for the coffee maker enthusiasts. They have impressive coffee grinder designs with timeless classics like the antique Bodum Chambord coffee grinder that keeps old and new coffee customers to come back and drink the finest grind coffee around. As their slogan says “nothing makes your day better than a perfect grind cup of coffee.” They know this even better, which is why they created the best coffee grinders in the business. Two of their popular best sellers are the Bodum Antigua Grinder and the Bodum C-Mill Grinder.
Even if you are new to the coffee world or you are a seasoned coffee lover, it is still recommended that you know how to find the best purchases of coffee grinders. There are many types of grinders you can choose from that can satisfy to your coffee making needs. Always remember to take care of the grinder that you bought and always keep it clean so that it can last for more and tasteful coffee making sessions.
Culinary Art Program
A culinary art degree shows loyalty and dedication, as well as a thorough grounding in the practical knowledge necessary for an advanced culinary position. A number of culinary arts schools have their own restaurants or work with local eateries placing students in internships. When training for a culinary arts career, students will find themselves putting their knowledge to use in a hands-on environment.
Perhaps the first thing you should look at is whether a particular culinary arts school is fully accredited or not. Due to increased popularity, there are now over five hundred programs in the United States that offer top educational courses in the field of culinary arts. You will be pleased to know that as a general rule, culinary arts courses go for a more reasonable fee than what you would expect for, say, a computer scientist and applying with a culinary arts program is basically no different than applying to any other program or course at a college or a university.
As you learn your new skills, whether you decide on culinary arts or a baking and pastry program, you will gather knowledge on new tricks and talents as each day passes. If you are interested in specializing in culinary arts management, for example, you should ask the instructor of your potential school about this portion of their program. One of the keys to being successful in the food preparation industry is having a true depth and breadth of knowledge.
These educational institutions are designed for one simple purpose, to teach you what you need to know in order to pursue your vocation in the culinary arts field. While cooking is the most important aspect of culinary schools, most schools offer classes that put cooking secondary to learning the skills and knowledge that help chefs understand culinary arts to the fullest.
Finding the culinary art program that is right for you is as simple as starting the process and making enquiries about the courses offered locally. For aspiring gourmet chefs maybe the better option would be to choose the best college offering a quality culinary art program that is within your budget and will give the highest return in credibility and of course overall education. Need some advice? So what you really need is some education in a culinary art program that is suited to your needs. Look at the options >Here
Freshly picked culinary herbs add flavour to food and many are delicious additions to salads. Edible herb flowers such as pot marigold, nasturtium and rosemary can also be added to the salad bowl. Many culinary herbs are rich in vitamins and minerals and when freshly picked and eaten raw they can form part of a well-balanced diet. Raw herbs can also be used to add flavour to oils and vinegars for cooking and for salads.
Parsley leaves gives a fresh flavour to sauces and salads, when added just before serving. The stems and leaves of parsley can also be used in bouquet garni. Parsley tastes particularly good with pasta dishes, omelettes, vegetables, fish and any meat or poultry.
Parsley is one of the most widely known and used of the culinary herbs. There are two main types of parsley – curly leaf and flat leaf – and both are excellent for culinary purposes. Both of these herbs are a rich source of vitamins and minerals and they can be used to enhance the flavour of cooked dishes and green salads.
Basil goes with almost any dish but it has a special affinity with tomatoes and is a favourite in Italian cooking.
Sweet basil with its soft green leaves and creamy white or purple tinted flowers is the most popular type of basil. This culinary herb can be used in sauces and salads and to enhance the flavour of cooked dishes such as soups and stews. Perhaps the greatest basil dish is pesto sauce, eaten with spaghetti. This combination makes a wonderfully delicious meal.
There are many other types of basil. Purple ruffle, dark opal and Greek basil are three of the other more unusual varieties, all with differing flavours.
Spearmint and peppermint are two members of the mint family most widely known and used as culinary herbs. There are many varieties of mint, some with distinct scents and flavours and some can be used for a variety of culinary purposes, such as in sweet and savoury dishes, in salads and for herb tea.
Spearmint is a favourite for mint sauce to accompany lamb and tastes particularly good with dishes such as soups, stews, plain meats, fish and lemon-based deserts.
Peppermint is also popular as a culinary herb flavouring. This herb is most commonly used as flavouring for sweets and chocolates etc. and is also used to flavour cordials. Fresh peppermint leaves can be used to make peppermint tea and the leaves can be added to fresh green salads.
Thyme can be used to improve the flavour of most dishes. Both the fresh and dried leaves of this herb are used for cooking. Fresh thyme leaves are useful in many savoury dishes.
Thyme has a rich flavour which makes it an ideal accompaniment to roast meats and tastes good in slowly cooked dishes such as stews and soups. The finely chopped fresh leaves may be added to new potatoes or salad.
Thyme is regarded as one of the great culinary herbs and is widely used in European cooking. This herb is an evergreen perennial it is recognisable by its mauve flowers and small leaves.
DURING this if you want to eat bread, you usually have to buy at supermarkets and traditional markets. Now, make the bread can be done at home!
According to Herman Achmad, Chef Pane del Giorno, a key in making good bread just need some basic groceries, namely wheat flour or wheat flour, yeast or leaven, salt, and water.
“Making bread can be done at home, easy way. Moreover, all food ingredients can be found anywhere,” he told Okezone, when met at the sidelines of the visit bakery Pane del Giorno, in Region Sentul, West Java.
In addition to food that is easily obtained, the process can use cooking equipment in the house.
Chef Herman is said, the first equipment is a must-have mixer or mixing machine. This machine will allow you to do a good mixing process in order to produce perfect bread dough.
“The first tool is to make bread mixer or mixing machine, its function is to stir all the ingredients of bread are used to flatten or until smooth. Actually, they can wear hand but it will take a long time in the stirring process,” he added.
The second is the mower equipment and weights. For him, the two machines have different functions in each usage. For weighing machine, serves to determine how much food is used. Because when the bread ingredients to be used is not measured, then the result will not be good for consumption. Meanwhile, the cutting machine is used to measure the thickness of the bread used, so the process of maturation of bread became more perfect.
“If it is smooth then put the bread dough in the closet, then closed. Well as at the bottom of the container should be placed bread hot water because it serves to warm up,” he explained again.
Lastly, is the toaster machine. In the process of cooking has five ways that can be used, as a means baked, steamed, smoked, fried, and in-steam. For the bread, then use the roasting process.
“If it has to do with bread baked way, ie you can use a high-temperature oven, which is 250 to 300 degrees. Levels of maturity bread became more perfect when consumed,” he concluded.
The second annual Caribbean Food & Wine Festival will be taking place from 1st to 3rd November this year in Turks and Caicos and this years event will be attended by John DeLucie, a renowned chef and owner of New Yorks The Lion restaurant.
Tourists taking Caribbean holidays will be able to taste a variety of flavours of authentic Caribbean cuisine and attend cooking demonstrations during the three-day event which will be taking place at various properties across the island of Providenciales in Turks and Caicos.
The festival is being organised by Grace Bay Resorts, the Turks and Caicos Tourist Board, and the Wine Cellar, and it will bring together the culinary talents of several famous chefs.
I am truly delighted to be a part of the Second Annual Caribbean Food & Wine Festival in Turks & Caicos this fall, DeLucie commented.
The culture, cuisine and stunning atmosphere of the islands are an inspiring combination.
Festival-goers can attend a welcome reception and a five-course meal prepared by DeLucie and the executive chef of Aman Resort, Fritz Zwahlen on Thursday 1st November. DeLucie will also lead a cooking demonstration and conduct a book signing session in the evening.
The Food & Wine Tasting will take place at The Veranda Resort & Residences on Saturday 3rd November and will provide samples of gourmet chocolates, cheeses, seafood, wines, meats and local delicacies. After the Food & Wine Tasting, guests can attend the Street Food Fair where 15 chefs from leading Turks and Caicos hotels, resorts and restaurants will be showcasing their expert grilling and barbeque techniques.
If spending holidays in Turks and Caicos during the culinary event, festival-goers will have the chance to meet the award-winning chef from Elements restaurant at Sanctuary on Camelback Mountain, Beau MacMillan, who has created meals for President Bush and many more high profile celebrities.
This is by far the most impressive and exciting array of talent and resources the Caribbean Food & Wine Festival has seen, explained Ralph Higgs, the Director of Tourism for the Turks & Caicos Islands Tourist Board.
We know that the growing success of the Festival will help us achieve our goal of making Turks and Caicos the Caribbeans premier culinary platform for the development our talented young chefs and related programs.
The Turk & Caicos Islands are in the West Indies, situated north of the Dominican Republic and Haiti and southeast of The Bahamas. The tropical nation is a popular destination for romantic holidays in the Caribbean, weddings and honeymoons.
Visitors can experience breathtaking natural scenery throughout their holidays to Turks and Caicos including the famous Grace Bay beach with its rolling sand dunes; the Princess Alexandra National Park with 13 miles of idyllic sandy beaches fringed with turquoise waters and colourful coral reefs; and The Hole, a huge, naturally-formed limestone opening.